Zoomorphism, Biomimetics and Computational Design

  • Benedetta Terenzi University of Firenze
  • Saverio Mecca University of Firenze
Keywords: zoomorphis, bionic, computational design

Abstract

The article explores the main stages of human production focusing on the relationship between man and animal, demonstrating how it has stimulated the emergence of new technical and expressive solutions. In architecture, the image of the animal has been used both in allegorical and structural terms: from the Sphinx to the humanistic-Renaissance representations, Art Nouveau to biomorphic architecture. It has likewise inspired the formalization of furnishings: from the animalières and zoomorphic propositions to the bionic that reinterprets the structure and mechanical behaviour, to the computational design experiments that shape the natural behaviors distilled in algorithms.

Author Biographies

Benedetta Terenzi, University of Firenze

Architect and PhD in Industrial Design, Environment and History, she is a Lecturer and Research Fellow at the Department of Architecture (DIDA). She carries out research on the innovation of building components and projects for the product design, graphic communication and fashion sectors. She has been Visiting Professor in some foreign universities and currently participates in research programs with the UDESC University of Brazil.
E-mail: benedetta.terenzi@unifi.it

Saverio Mecca, University of Firenze

Professor of Building Production, he is currently Director of the Department of Architecture. Since 2007 he has been Director of the Innovation and Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems Research Center – INN-LINK-S Research Center. He specializes in building management, construction techniques and vernacular architecture and clay in the Mediterranean region.
Email: saverio.mecca@unifi.it

References

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Branzi, A. (2008), Introduzione al design italiano – una modernità incompleta, Editore Baldini Castoldi srl, Milano.

Benyus, J. M. (1997), Biomimicry – Innovation Inspired by Nature, William Morrow editor, New York.

Cerulli, E. (ed.) (1991), Tra uomo e animale, Edizioni Dedalo, Bari.

Coates, P. (1998), Nature – Western Attitudes Since Ancient Times, University of California Press.

Correia, M., Dipasquale, L. and Mecca, S. (2014), Versus, Heritage Tomorrow, Vernacular knowledge for sustainable architecture, Didapress, Firenze.

Cuvier, G. (1808), Rapport historique sur les progrès des sciences naturelles depuis 1789 et sur leur état actuel.

Steadman, P. (ed.) (1988), L’evoluzione del design – l’analisi biologica in architettura e nelle arti applicate, Liguori Editore, Napoli.

Terenzi, B. (2017), “La casa animalier”, in AD Architectural Digest, Condè Nast, Milano.

Wiener, N. (1968), La cibernetica – controllo e comunicazione nell'animale e nella macchina, Alberto Mondadori Editore, Milano.

Chaise Gemini, sedia acustica
Published
2017-12-30
How to Cite
Terenzi, B. and Mecca, S. (2017) “Zoomorphism, Biomimetics and Computational Design”, AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, 2(online), pp. 205-212. doi: 10.19229/2464-9309/2272017.
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