Uncertainty, fragility, resilience


  • Ernesto Antonini Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna




resilience, dynamic response, adaptivity, nature-based solutions


The consequences of climate change and the recurrent shortage of vital resources produce an extreme and growing fragility of all systems, both biological and technical, subjected to continuous and increasingly less predictable disturbances. In this perspective, the strategy that pretends to maintain static equilibrium at any cost is ineffective. Therefore, we look with attention at the adaptive approach, based on reactivity, ability to self-repair individual parts and fault tolerance, which has always enabled living organisms to survive in hostile contexts. This attitude of biological systems to adopt dynamic responses to the perturbative actions of their balance proves to be extraordinarily effective and intrinsically efficient, to the point of proposing itself as a paradigm to be inspired to organize even artificial systems.


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Author Biography

Ernesto Antonini, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna

MS(Arch) and PhD, he is a Full Professor at the Department of Architecture. As a Researcher and then as a Project Manager he has participated in national and European research and experimentation programs on technical information and building innovation, especially focusing on technologies, processes, construction machinery and, more recently, on impacts and sustainability assessment of buildings, materials and components.
E-mail: ernesto.antonini@unibo.it


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The kinetic façade of One Ocean Thematic Pavilion for Expo 2012 Yeosu, South Korea (credits: Knippers Helbig GmbH – Image; SOMA ZT – Architecture; Knippers Helbig GmbH –Façade Engineering; Ojoo Industrial Co., Ltd. – Lamella façade Contractor). AGATHÒN 06 | 2019




How to Cite

Antonini, E. (2019) “Uncertainty, fragility, resilience”, AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, 6(online), pp. 6–13. doi: 10.19229/2464-9309/612019.

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