The Resilience of urban agriculture in the European context

  • Maicol Negrello Politecnico di Torino (Italy)
  • Daniele Roccaro University of Palermo (Italy)
  • Kevin Santus Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
  • Isabella Spagnolo Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Keywords: urban agriculture, nature-based solutions, climate change, urban regeneration, agriculture in a protected environment, controlled environment agriculture

Abstract

The growing phenomena linked to climate change pushes cities to develop resilience plans to respond to environmental, social, and economic sustainability. Nature-based strategies can be a solution; among these, urban agriculture can increase the resilience of European urban fabrics. This activity has been the object of interest several times during crises or as a community activity with social, productive, and educational characteristics. Through a historical excursus and a subsequent analysis of contemporary case studies, the paper provides design tools for intervening in the built environment with strategies ranging from the urban to the architectural scale. The essay presents a replicable morpho-typological approach that can be applied and used by planners and policymakers to increase urban resilience.

Author Biographies

Maicol Negrello, Politecnico di Torino (Italy)

Architect and PhD, he is an Adjunct Lecturer at the Department of Architecture and Design (DAD). He mainly carries out research activities in integrating natural and built systems as a response to climate change through Nature as Urban Industry research.
E-mail: maicol.negrello@polito.it

Daniele Roccaro, University of Palermo (Italy)

Architect and PhD Candidate at the Department of Architecture, he carries out research activities mainly in architectural composition. Through the study of migratory flows and African roots, he is currently investigating the influences of nomadic and informal living in contemporary living, with particular attention to the relationship that these settlements have with the use of natural resources.
E-mail: daniele.roccaro@unipa.it

Kevin Santus, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)

Architect and PhD Candidate at the Department of Architecture and Urban Studies, he carries out research activities mainly in the context of the urban regeneration project in the face of climate change, studying the possible morpho-typological modifications in the face of ‘application of nature-based solutions and the circular economy.
E-mail: kevin.santus@polimi.it

Isabella Spagnolo, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)

Architect and PhD Candidate at the Department of Architecture and Urban Studies, she carries out research activities related to the themes of the regeneration of fragile territories thanks to innovative agricultural production methods.
E-mail: isabella.spagnolo@polimi.it

References

Adam-Bradford, A., Hoekstra, F. and van Veenhuizen, R. (2009), “Linking relief, rehabilitation and development – A role for urban agriculture”, in Urban Agriculture, n. 21, pp. 3-10. [Online] Available at: urban-agriculture-europe.org/files/adam-bradford_2009_linking_relief__rehabilitation_and_ development._a_role_for_urban_agriculture.pdf [Accessed 25 March 2022].

Armstrong, D. (2000), “A survey of community gardens in upstate New York – Implications for health promotion and community development”, in Health & Place, vol. 6, issue 4, pp. 319-327. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/S1353-8292(00)00013-7 [Accessed 25 March 2022].

Artmann, M. and Sartison, K. (2018), “The Role of Urban Agriculture as a Nature-Based Solution – A Review for Developing a Systemic Assessment Framework”, in Sustainability, vol. 10, issue 6, 1937, pp. 1-32. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.3390/su10061937 [Accessed 25 March 2022].

Cabral, I., Costa, S., Weiland, U. and Bonn, A. (2017), “Urban Gardens as Multifunctional Nature-Based Solutions for Societal Goals in a Changing Climate”, in Kabisch, N., Korn, H., Stadler, J. and Bonn, A. (eds), Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas – Theory and Practice of Urban Sustainability Transitions, Springer, Cham, pp. 237-253. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56091-5_14 [Accessed 25 March 2022].

Clément, G. (2012), Breve storia del giardino, Quodlibet, Macerata.

European Commission (2021), New European Bauhaus – Shaping more beautiful, sustainable and inclusive forms of living together. [Online] Available at: europa.eu/new-european-bauhaus/index_en [Accessed 25 March 2022].

European Commission (2019), Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions – The European Green Deal, document 52019DC0640, 640 final. [Online] Available at: eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM%3A2019%3A640%3AFIN [Accessed 25 March 2022].

European Commission (2018), Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank – A Clean Planet for all – A European strategic long-term vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate neutral economy, document 52018DC0773, 773 final. [Online] Available at: eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52018DC0773&qid=1649170346917 [Accessed 25 March 2022].

European Parliament and Council (2021), Regulation (EU) 2021/1119 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 June 2021 establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality and amending Regulations (EC) No 401/2009 and (EU) 2018/1999 (‘European Climate Law’), document 32021R1119, L 243/1. [Online] Available at: eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32021R1119&qid=1649169726263 [Accessed 25 March 2022].

Ferreira, A. J. D., Mendes Guilherme, R. I., Santos Ferreira, C. S. and Lorena de Oliveira, M. M. (2018), “Urban agriculture, a tool towards more resilient urban communities?”, in Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health, vol. 5, pp. 93-97. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.coesh.2018.06.004 [Accessed 24 January 2022].

Gravagnuolo, B. (1991), La progettazione urbana in Europa – 1750-1960 – Storia e teorie, Laterza, Bari.

Haase, A. (2017), “The Contribution of Nature-Based Solutions to Socially Inclusive Urban Development – Some Reflections from a Social-environmental Perspective”, in Kabisch, N., Korn, H., Stadler, J. and Bonn, A. (eds), Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas – Theory and Practice of Urban Sustainability Transitions, Springer, Cham, pp. 221-236. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56091-5_13 [Accessed 25 March 2022].

Haney, D. H. (2010), When Modern Was Green – Life and Work of Landscape Architect Leberecht Migge, Routledge, London.

Holland, L. (2004), “Diversity and connections in community gardens – A contribution to local sustainability”, in Local Environment, vol. 9, issue 3, pp. 285-305. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1080/1354983042000219388 [Accessed 25 March 2022].

Howard, E. (1902), Garden Cities of Tomorrow, Swan Sonnenschein, London.

IPCC – Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2021), Climate Change 2021 – The Physical Science Basis – Working Group I Contribution to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press. [Online] Available at: ipcc.ch/report/ ar6/wg1/downloads/report/IPCC_AR6_WGI_Full_Report.pdf [Accessed 25 March 2022].

Kabisch, N., Korn, H., Stadler, J. and Bonn, A. (eds), Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas – Theory and Practice of Urban Sustainability Transitions, Springer, Cham.

Migge, L. (1999), Der soziale Garten – Das grüne Manifest, Gebr. Mann, Berlin.

Negrello, M. (2019), Architecture for urban agriculture – Spaces and architectures for commercial indoor ‘zero-acreage farms’, Doctoral Dissertation, Doctoral Program in Architecture – History and Project (31st Cycle), DAD – Department of Architecture and Design, Politecnico di Torino.

Negrello, M. and Ingaramo, R. (2021), “Lo spazio del burn-out – Destrutturare per costruire forme alternative per l’abitare | The burn-out space – Destructuring to build alternative living forms”, in Ardeth, vol. 8, pp. 1-18. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.17454/ARDETH08.11 [Accessed 25 March 2022].

Peleman, D., Ronner, E., Barcelloni, M. and Viganò, P. (2022), “Exploring the Soil – Not a Sentimental Journey”, in OASE | Journal of Architecture – A project of the soil, vol. 110, pp. 4-15.

Pylsy, P., Lylykangas, K. and Kurnitski, J. (2020), “Buildings’ energy efficiency measures effect on CO2 emissions in combined heating, cooling and electricity production”, in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 134, 110299, pp. 1-18. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2020.110299 [Accessed 25 March 2022].

Rubino, A. (2007), “The allotment gardens of the Ile de France – A tool for social development”, in Journal of Mediterranean Ecology, vol. 8, pp. 67-75. [Online] Available at: jmecology.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/67-75-Rubino.pdf [Accessed 25 March 2022].

Sanesi, G., Gallis, C. and Kasperidus, H. D. (2011), “Urban Forests and Their Ecosystem Services in Relation to Human Health”, in Nilsson, K., Sangster, M., Gallis, C., Hartig, T., de Vries, S., Seeland, K. and Schipperijn, J. (eds), Forests, Trees and Human Health, pp. 23-40. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9806-1_2 [Accessed 25 March 2022].

Santus, K. and Scaioli A. (2021), “Designing the urban commons through gender and nature-based approach – A renewed project for public space in times of crisis”, in Ri-Vista | Research for Landscape Architecture, vol. 19, n. 2, pp. 208-221. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.36253/rv-11426 [Accessed 25 March 2022].

Spagnolo, I. (2022), “Sharing Landscape – Beyond the urban-rural dialectic – The FARM as a FORM of urban resilience”, in CA2RE+DELFT. [Online] Available at: delft.ca2re.eu/submissions/spagnolo-sharing-landscape-beyond-the-urban-rural-dialectic?s=s [Accessed 25 March 2022].

van Eekelen, E. and Bouw, M. (2020), Building with nature – Creating, implementing and upscaling Nature-based Solutions, NAi010 publishers, Rotterdam.

Cité Maraîchère in Romainville designed by Ilimego, 2019 (source: archdaily.com, 2022) –  AGATHÓN 11_2022
Published
2022-06-30
How to Cite
Negrello, M., Roccaro, D., Santus, K. and Spagnolo, I. (2022) “The Resilience of urban agriculture in the European context”, AGATHÓN | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, 11(online), pp. 74-83. doi: 10.19229/2464-9309/1162022.
Section
Architecture | Essays & Viewpoint
Share |