City that embraces nature. Designing with vertical greenery
Keywords:vertical green, revitalisation strategies, biophilia, social cohesion, urban ecology
Vertical greenery offers the possibility of redefining the relationship between buildings and vegetation, promoting a biophilic concept of the city that aims to reactivate natural processes and social cohesion. The flexibility and multifunctionality of these systems allow their application in very different contexts, seeing unused urban spaces as alternative places suitable for plant colonisation. The present contribution expands the contemporary debate within which to evaluate the collaboration between man and nature by exploring functional possibilities aimed at overcoming the use of vertical greenery as mere ornamentation. The approaches presented feed the reflection on the interdisciplinary character of this type of technological green, showing an evolving understanding of the environmental, social and economic impacts at a territorial level.
Article Metrics Graph
Abhijith, K. V., Kumar, P., Gallagher, J., McNabola, A., Baldauf, R., Pilla, F., Broderick, B., Di Sabatino, S. and Pulvirenti, B. (2017), “Air pollution abatement performances of green infrastructure in open road and built-up street canyon environments – A review”, in Atmospheric Environment, vol. 162, pp. 71-86. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.05.014 [Accessed 28 March 2021].
Akinwolemiwa, O. H., Bleil de Souza, C., De Luca, L. M. and Gwilliam, J. (2018), “Building community-driven vertical greening systems for people living on less than £1 a day – A case study in Nigeria”, in Building and Environment, vol. 131, pp. 277-287. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.01.022 [Accessed 28 March 2021].
Ambasz, E. (2016), Emilio Ambasz – Architectura & Natura / Design & artificio | Architecture & Nature / Design & Artifice, Mondadori Electa, Milano.
Bellini, O. E. and Mocchi, M. (2017), “Paesaggi Urbani in Quota – Il Verde come Culto contemporaneo | Urban green Landscapes – The Green as contemporary Cult”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 2, pp. 95-100. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/2132017 [Accessed 12 April 2021].
Bit, E. (2012), Il Nuovo Verde Verticale – Tecnologie Progetti Linee Guida, Wolters Kluwer Italia, Milanofiori Assago.
Corrado, M. (2020), Architetture del dopo – Costruire con salice, canna, bambù, paglia, terra, DeriveApprodi, Roma.
Defilippi Shinzato, T. M., Dueñas, A., Ccasani, J., García, V. and Morales, G. (2019), “Effetto della vegetazione urbana su dissipazione termica e inquinanti gassosi | Influence of the urban vegetation on thermal dissipation and gaseous pollutants”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture Art and Design, vol. 6, pp. 162-169. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/6152019 [Accessed 12 April 2021].
Dobson, J., Birch, J., Brindley, P., Henneberry, J., McEwand, K., Mears, M., Richardson, M. and Jorgensen, A. (2021), “The magic of the mundane – The vulnerable web of connections between urban nature and wellbeing”, in Cities, vol. 108, article 102989, pp. 1-11. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2020.102989 [Accessed 28 March 2021].
Dover, J. W. (2015), Green Infrastructure – Incorporating Plants and Enhancing Biodiversity in Buildings and Urban Environments, Routledge, London.
Dunnet, N. and Kingsbury, N. (2008), Planting Green Roofs and Living Walls, Timber Press, Portland.
Forman, R. T. T. (2014), Urban Ecology – Science of Cities, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139030472 [Accessed 28 March 2021].
Francis, R. A. and Lorimer, J. (2011), “Urban reconciliation ecology – The potential of living roofs and walls”, in Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 92, issue 6, pp. 1429-1437. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.01.012 [Accessed 28 March 2021].
Girard, L. F., Bruno, F., Cerreta, M., De Toro, P. and Forte, F. (2003), L’uomo e la città – Verso uno sviluppo umano e sostenibile, FrancoAngeli, Milano.
Liu, J., Dietz, T., Carpenter, S. R., Folke, C., Alberti, M., Redman, C. L., Schneider, S. H., Ostrom, E., Pell, A. N., Lubchenco, J., Taylor, W. W., Ouyang, Z., Deadman, P., Kratz, T. and Provencher, W. (2007), “Coupled humans and natural systems”, in AMBIO | A Journal of the Human Environment, vol. 36, issue 8, pp. 639-649. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1579/0044-7447(2007)36[639:CHANS]2.0.CO;2 [Accessed 21 March 2021].
Malaguti de Sousa, C. (2019), “Valutare gli scarti della gestione del verde urbano per il design – Idee dal caso di San Paolo | Waste valuing from urban wood management through design – Ideas from the case of Sãn Paulo”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 6, pp. 228-239. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/6222019 [Accessed 12 April 2021].
Manzini, E. (2018), Politiche del quotidiano – Progetti di vita che cambiano il mondo, Edizioni di Comunità, Roma.
Manso, M., Castro-Gomes, J., Paulo, B., Bentes, I. and Teixeira, C. A. (2018), “Life cycle analysis of a new modular greening system”, in Science of the Total Environment, vol. 627, pp. 1146-1153. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.198 [Accessed 21 March 2021].
Maron, A. and Ramirez, F. (2020), “Social Perception of Living Walls in Quito – A Study of Four Vertical Gardens”, in SBE19 Temuco – Urban Planning, Global Problems and Local Policies, 16-18 October 2019, Temuco, Chile – IOP Conference Series, vol. 503, article 012095, pp. 1-10. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/503/1/012095 [Accessed 28 March 2021].
Marshall, A. J. and Williams, N. S. G. (2019), “Communicating Biophilic Design – Start with the Grasslands”, in Frontiers in Built Environment, vol. 5, issue 1, pp. 1-11. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.3389/fbuil.2019.00001 [Accessed 28 March 2021].
Medl, A., Stangl, R., Kikuta, S. B. and Florineth, F. (2017), “Vegetation establishment on ‘Green Walls’ – Integrating shotcrete walls from road construction into the landscape”, in Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, vol. 25, pp. 26-35. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2017.04.011 [Accessed 23 March 2021].
Myers, W. (2018), Bio Design – Nature, Science, Creativity, The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Neonato, F., Tomasinelli, F. and Colaninno, B. (2019), Oro Verde – Quanto vale la natura in città, Il Verde Editoriale, Milano.
Pérez-Urrestarazu, L., Kaltsidi, M. P., Nektarios, P. A., Markakis, G., Loges, V., Perini, K. and Fernández-Cañero, R. (2021), “Particularities of having plants at home during the confinement due to the Covid-19 pandemic”, in Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, vol. 59, article 126919, pp. 1-11. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2020.126919 [Accessed 28 March 2021].
Perrone, C. and Russo, M. (eds) (2019), Per una città sostenibile – Quattordici voci per un manifesto, Donzelli Editore, Roma.
Pettit, T., Irga, P. J. and Torpy, F. R. (2020), “The botanical biofiltration of elevated air pollution concentrations associated the Black Summer wildfire natural disaster”, in Journal of Hazardous Materials Letter, vol. 1, article 100003, pp.1-8. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.hazl.2020.100003 [Accessed 28 March 2021].
Ratti, C. and Belleri, D. (2020), “Verso una cyber-ecologia | Towards a cyber ecology”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 8, pp. 8-19. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/812020 [Accessed 12 April 2021].
Ricci, G. (2020), “Ogni atto di costruzione è una sfida alla natura | Every act of construction is in defiance of nature”, interview with Emilio Ambasz, in Domus web, 28/11/2020. [Online] Available at: domusweb.it/en/architecture/gallery/2020/11/26/interview-with-emilio-ambasz-the-father-of-green-architecture-every-act-of-construction-is-a-defiance-of-nature.html [Accessed 10 March 2021].
Riley, B., de Larrard, F., Malécot, V., Dubois-Brugger, I., Lequay, H. and Lecomte, G. (2019), “Living Concrete – Democratizing living wall”, in Science of The Total Environment, vol. 673, pp. 281-295. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.065 [Accessed 25 March 2021].
Scharenbroch, B. C. (2011), “Urban Trees for Carbon Sequestration”, in Lal, R. and Augustin, B. (eds), Carbon Sequestration in Urban Ecosystems, Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 121-138. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2366-5_6 [Accessed 28 March 2021].
Sternberg, T., Viles, H., Cathersides, A. and Edwards, M. (2010), “Dust particulate absorption by ivy (Hedera helix L.) on historic walls in urban environments”, in Science of The Total Environment, vol. 409, issue 1, pp. 162-168. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.09.022 [Accessed 28 March 2021].
Tesoriere, Z. (2020), “Il territorio nell’architettura – Grande scala e agricoltura nell’architettura italiana, 1966-1978 | The territory into architecture – Big scale and agriculture in Italian Architecture, 1966-1978”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 7, pp. 44-53. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/752020 [Accessed 12 April 2021].
Tesoriere, Z. (2019), “Dopo la firmitas – Prospettiva metabolista di architetture resilienti | After the firmitas – A metabolist perspective of resilient architecture”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 6, pp. 58-65. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/662019 [Accessed 12 April 2021].
Wines, J. (2008), Green Architecture – The art of architecture in the age of ecology, Taschen, London.
Yudina, A. (2019), “La natura al centro del progetto – Urbanature | Nature at the centre of design – Urbanature”, in Domus web, 15/07/2019. [Online] Available at: domusweb.it/en/speciali/guest-editor/winy-maas/2019/07/15/it-works.html [Accessed 25 March 2021].
Zaffi, L. and D’Ostuni, M. (2020), “Città metaboliche del futuro – Fra Agricoltura e Architettura | Metabolic cities of the future – Between Agriculture and Architecture”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 8, pp. 82-93. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/882020 [Accessed 12 April 2021].
Zupancic, T., Westmacott, C. and Bulthuis, M. (2015), The Impact of Green Space on Heath and Air Pollution in Urban Communities – A Meta-Narrative Systematic Review, David Suzuki Foundation, One Nature. [Online] Available at: davidsuzuki.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/impact-green-space-heat-air-pollution-urban-communities.pdf [Accessed 26 March 2021].
How to Cite
This Journal is published under Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0 (CC-BY).
License scheme | Legal code
This License allows anyone to:
Share: copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
Adapt: remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
Under the following terms
Attribution: Users must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made; users may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses them or their use.
No additional restrictions: Users may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
Users do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give users all of the permissions necessary for their intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.